Role of Laparoscopic Surgery in Gynaecological Cancer Treatment

Role of Laparoscopic Surgery in Gynaecological Cancer Treatment | Dr. Ashish Pokharkar Pune

Laparoscopy is a procedure of surgery performed for gynecological cancer. Gynecologists have been practicing this surgery since 1994. It is especially done in the case of cervical and endometrial cancer. However, doctors take care during the procedure so as not to jeopardize the proper prognosis of their patients.

Another thing to take note of about the surgery is that it is not invasive. The entire laparoscopy is done with a laparoscope that is a long, thin tube with high-resolution and high-intensity light and a camera. It mainly passes the images onto a monitor in video form.

What happens in laparoscopy?

During a laparoscopy, the gynecologists make small incisions. They do so for cervical cancers, early-stage and small-sized cervical and ovarian cancers. Doctors also perform this surgery for borderline and benign tumors.

After the completion of the procedure, the patient has to stay in the hospital for a short duration of two to three days. The scars and pain are minimal. Later, after one week, the patient can start to carry on with her daily activities and routine.

  • Laparoscopy in Ovarian Cancer

At first, the gynecologists determine the stage and perform the required surgery. In the initial stages, tumors are less than eight centimeters. The doctors treat this with laparoscopic surgery by removing ovaries, uterus, lymph nodes, and peritoneal fluid. While keeping the tumor inside the endo bag, there is no spillage.

  • Laparoscopy in Endometrial Cancer

Ninety-five percent of endometrial cancers are treated with total laparoscopic hysterectomy and bilateral salphingo-oophorectomy. Removal of retroperitoneal lymph nodes is also essential.

  • Laparoscopy in Cervical Cancer

For lesions that are precancerous, gynecologists perform laparoscopic radical hysterectomy of type I-II and III. This is done along with the removal of pelvic lymph nodes. Patients who want to keep their uterus receive laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy.


 Laparoscopic surgeries are essential for patients who have gynecological malignancies. For more information, patients can Contact Dr. Ashish Pokharkar based in Pune. He offers guidance and treatment for the entire procedure.