Cancer of the cervix, the lowest section of the uterus that attaches to the vagina, is known as cervical cancer. Most cervical cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection.
The body’s immune system normally protects HPV from inflicting damage when exposed to it. It is possible for the virus to persist in a small proportion of individuals for a long period of time, and this may contribute to the development of cervical cancer.
Screening tests and the HPV vaccination may lower your chance of getting cervical cancer, which is caused by HPV infection.
Cervical cancer in its earliest stages often shows no symptoms at all. Cervical cancer that has progressed to a more advanced stage often exhibits the following symptoms:
- Bleeding in the cervix during an encounter, during a period, or the following menopause
- A foul-smelling, red, watery discharge from the cervix.
- Pain in the genital area or when having sex
Healthy cervix cells become cancerous when their DNA undergoes alterations (mutations). The instructions that a cell follows are included in its DNA.
The lifespan of a healthy cell is determined by the pace at which it grows and multiplies. As a result of mutations, cells continue to grow and replicate uncontrollably. A mass of aberrant cells is formed when they accumulate throughout time (tumor). Tumor-associated cancer cells may infect surrounding tissues and spread to other parts of the body (metastasize).
Cervical cancer isn’t caused by HPV, but it doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist. The HPV virus is quite widespread, and the majority of those infected never go on to develop cancer. If you’re at risk of developing cervical cancer, you’ll need to take into account variables such as your surroundings and lifestyle.
On the therapy for cervical cancer, there is a gynecologic oncologist (a doctor who specializes in cancers of female reproductive organs). Cervical cancer treatment recommendations are dependent on a variety of criteria, including the stage of the illness, your age and general health, and whether or not you plan on having children in the future.
Radiation, chemotherapy, surgery, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are all options for treating cervical cancer.